Fleas are defined as being external parasites that feed on the blood of their chosen host, be it human or animal. These pests are usually carried into human dwellings by pets or rats, and they tend to bite humans on their lower legs or ankles. Bites from fleas often cause inflammation and can spread human diseases (including the plague and murine typhus).
Reducing the likelihood of a flea infestation is easy if you follow the following steps:
If you already have a flea infestation, take the following steps before treatment:
Ticks are not classified as insects, rather, they fall under the phylum of Arthropoda (along with other eight legged animals such as spiders). These creatures are found mainly outdoors, and are external parasites that feed on the blood of their hosts.
Ticks are often found on and spread by domestic animals such as pets. Their bites are itchy and often cause a rash. Bites from ticks can be dangerous as they can transmit diseases to both humans and pets.
Dog ticks are the most common tick encountered by humans, and although they are seldom attracted to humans, they do cause dogs to become irritable and lose vitality.
On average, male ticks are about 3 mm long, while females can grow as large as 12 mm. Both male and female ticks have a reddish brown colour. Female dog ticks feed on the blood of their canine host, where after she leaves her host to find a crevice or crack where she can lay her eggs. A dog tick female can lay around 1000 to 3000 eggs at any one time, and these eggs take anywhere from 2 to 8 weeks to hatch.
Although adult dog ticks are most often found on dogs (around the neck and ears, or in between the dog’s toes), they can also be found beneath windowsills, on walls and on curtains.
Control of dog ticks
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